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2019 - The Farm

Well, it's finally time to start. Again. :)
Finished taking inventory of seeds today, and started the 2019 grow list. Since the 24x96' isolation high tunnel is done, I'll be growing a crazy long list this year, as we'll be growing for 2020 seed inventory. With the soil mix equipment, it should be a lot less work on my back this winter! (Even more so if I get the indoor grow areas plumbed and set up on drip irrigation, still not sure I got the budget for that yet tho)
Some of the seeds I'll be pulling from are damn near 10 years old now, so I expect many of these to eventually get crossed off with 0 germination. Everything I have ever saved or traded is getting planted, though. There's 203 on the list right now, many duplicates though where seeds were sourced from more than one person/vendor. 
The grow room at home is getting a makeover, going to be "going vertical" to get some space back. More on that in a few days...
This list is not complete yet, I will be adding more after I hear back from a few folks I PM'd.
7 Pot Chaguanas Red  (BE)
7 Pot Chaguanas Red  (PL)
7 Pot Jonah (PL)
7 Pot Long (PL)
7 Pot Original Red
7 Pot Primo Red
7-Pot Brainstrain  (LFF)
7-Pot Brainstrain Red
7-Pot Brainstrain Red (PL)
7-Pot Brainstrain Yellow (PL)
7-Pot Primo  (LFF)
7-pot Primo Red
Aji Amarillo
Aji Cereza
Aji Dulce Red
Aji Golden
Aji Golden (old)
Aji Golden  (LFF)
Aji Jobito
Aji Limo
Aji Limo  (LFF)
Aji Margaritereivo
Aji Peruvian
Aleppo (BE)
Aleppo  (LFF)
Amish Bush
Bahamian Goat
Bahamian Goat (old)
Barre Do Robiero
Bhut (Walchits)
Bhut Jolokia Brown
Bhut Jolokia Chocolate
Bhut Jolokia Indian Carbon
Bhut Jolokia Red
Bhut Jolokia Yellow
Big Sun Habanero
Big Sun Habanero  (LFF)
Big Thai Hybrid
Biker Billy (AJ Drew)
Biker Billy Jalapeno  (LFF)
Black Habanero
Bolsa De Dulce
Bonda Ma Jacques
Boyanska Kapiya
Brazilian Starfish
Brown Bhut Jolokia  (LFF)
Brown Moruga
Brown Moruga (PL)
Bulgarian Carrot
CAP 215
Carbaruga Yellow
Caribbean Red Hab
Carmia Sweet
Carolina Reaper (PL)
Carolina Reaper (BE)
Carolina Reaper  (LFF)
Carribean Red Habanero (very old)
Cayenne Long Red
CGN 19198
CGN 20812 
CGN 22091
CGN 22792
CGN 24360
Chapeu Du Frade
Chapeu Du Frade  (LFF)
Cherry Red
Chili de Abrol
Chocolate Bhutlah
Chocolate Naga Morich
Chocolate Scotch Bonnet
Criolla Sella
Criolla Sella (WHP)
Dedo de Moca
Dorset Naga (BE)
Dorset Naga (PL)
Dragon Cayenne 
Dragon Cayenne (most likely crossed?)
Drying Serrano
Dulce Sol
Elephant Trunk
Farmers Jalapeno
Farmers Jalapeno  (LFF)
Farmers Market Jalapeno
Fidalgo Roxa
Freeport Orange Scotch Bonnet
Fresno (BE)
Fresno Red
Friarello Di Napoli
Friarieilo Di Napoli
Garden Salsa
Giant Aconcagua
Giant Mexican Rocoto
Goat Pepper
Goats Weed
Habanero Antillais Caribbean
Habanero Chocolate (PL)
Habanero Cristiana
Habanero Franciscon
Habanero Giant Orange
Habanero Guadalupe 
Habanero Magnum Orange
Habanero Manzano
Habanero Niranja Picante
Habenero Red Dominica
Hawaiian Kona
Hot Paper Lantern
Jalapeno Biker Billy
Land Race Serrano
Large Orange Thai
Large Red 7 Pot (PL)
Large Red Rocoto
Mako Akokosrade
Mako Kokoo
Matay (PL)
Mini Bell Orange
MOA Scotch Bonnet
MOA Scotch Bonnet (very old)
MOA Scotch Bonnet  (LFF)
Monster Naga
Moruga Reaper
Moruga Scorpion  (LFF)
Moruga x Reaper  (LFF)
Ms. Junie
Naga Morich
NuMex Lemon Spice Jalapeno
Numex Pinata Jalapeno
NuMex Vaquero
Orange Habanero (Wicked Mike)
Orchid PI 497974
P. Dreadie
Paper Lantern Habanero
pI 281429
Pimenta Chris Fat
Pimenta de Neyde (PL)
Pimente Espellette
Pimente Espellette (old)
Pimiento Cristal  (LFF)
Poblano (old)
Poblano BE
Poblano  (LFF)
Purple Jalapeno x Cayenne
Purple UFO
Reaper (Walchit)
Reaper Bhut
Red Fatalli  (LFF)
Safi Scotch Bonnet
Santa Fe Grande
Santa Fe Grande (PJ)
Santa Fe Grande Peppers
Scoda Brain
Scotch Bonnet x Bell Pepper 
Star of Turkey
Stuffing Cherry
Sugar Cane
Sweet Anaheim
Sweet Anaheim (LFF)
Sweet Charleston
Sweet Charlston (LFF)
Sweet Datil (old)
Sweet French Bell
Tekne Dolmasi
Tekne Dolmasi (LFF)
TFM Scotch Bonnet
TFM Scotch Bonnet (LFF)
Thai (crossed?)
Thai Orange
Thai Short
Tobago Scotch Bonnet Red (PL)
Tobago Scotch Bonnet Yellow
Tobago Seasoning
Trinidad Doughlah
Trinidad Perfume
Trinidad PI 281317
Trinidad Scorpion Butch T
Trinidad Scorpion Cardi
Trinidad Scorpion Moruga
Trinidad Scorpion Original
Trinidad Scorpion Smooth
Trinidad Scorpion Yellow
Trinidad X
True Cumari
Turkish Cayenne (LFF)
Turkish Sweet Ball
Urfa Biber
White Bhut Jolokia
White Bullet Habanero
White Habanero
Xalapas Large Jalapeno
Yellow Brainstrain (LFF)
Yellow Fatalli
Yellow Moruga Scorpion
Yellow Scotch Bonnet (old)
Added 1/16, ordered from Justin
7 Pot Brain Strain Chocolate AU
7 Pot Bubblegum (BBG7) Bhut Chocolate
7 Pot Bubblegum (BBG7) x Apocalypse Scorpion (No Calyx)
7 Pot Cinder F3 
7 Pot Douglah
7 Pot Jonah
7 Pot Jonah Yellow X SB
7 Pot Lucy
7 Pot Nebru
7 Pot Primo Chocolate
7 Pot SR Strain
Aji Pineapple
Apocalypse Scorpion Chocolate
Bahamian Beast Mustard Stinger F2
Bahamian Goat
Bhut Jolokia (Ghost) Giant Chocolate
Bhut Jolokia (Ghost) Rust
Bhut Jolokia (Ghost) Solid Gold
Black Pearl
Brazilian Brain Strain Chocolate
Brown Reaper Cross
Devil's Nagabrains Chocolate
Elysium Oxide Scotch Bonnet
Fatalii Chocolate
Genghis Kahn's Brain
Habanero El Remo
Habanero Roatan Pumpkin
Jigsaw x Moruga
Jonah's Yellow Brain
Machu Picchu
Mako Akokosrade
Monkey Face Red
Nagabrains Chocolate
Negro de Valle
Pimenta Black Bhut
Sandra's Giant Orange (Long Pheno)
SB7J Yellow
Scotch Bonnet Sweet Moruga Brown
Scotch Brains (7 Pot Pheno)
Skunk Chocolate
Tepin x Lemon Drop
WHP 027
Should have the first of the chinense and pube seeds in the dirt by end of week.
Non-pepper crop

Anise Hyssop
Astro Arugula (Roquette)
Esmee Arugula (Roquette)
Arugula (Standard)
Sylvetta Arugula (Roquette)
Mizuna Asian Greens
Tatsoi Asian Greens
Red Rubin Purple Basil
Sweet Thai Asian Basil
Genovese Genovese Basil
Aroma 2 Genovese Basil
Royal Burgundy Beans
EZ Pick Beans
Tongue of Fire Beans
Prime Ark® Freedom Blackberry
Blueberry Plant Collection Blueberry
De Cicco Standard Broccoli
Belstar Standard Broccoli
Chiko Burdock
Integro Fresh Market Cabbage
Red Express Fresh Market Cabbage
Farao Fresh Market Cabbage
Deadon Fresh Market Cabbage
Bilko Chinese Cabbage
Divergent Cantaloupe (Muskmelon)
Nectar Main Crop Carrots
Negovia Carrot
Nectar Main Crop Carrots
Negovia Main Crop Carrots
Napoli Early Carrots
Yaya Early Carrots
Yaya Early Carrots
Janvel Standard Cauliflower
Mardi Standard Cauliflower
Mardi Standard Cauliflower
Janvel Standard Cauliflower
Veronica Romanesco Cauliflower
Skywalker Standard Cauliflower
Skywalker Standard Cauliflower
Common Chamomile Chamomile
Staro Standard Chives
Nira Chinese Leeks (Garlic Chives)
Cheyenne Spirit Echinacea (Coneflower)
Echinacea purpurea Echinacea (Coneflower)
Leisure Cilantro (Coriander)
Santo Cilantro (Coriander)
Natural Sweet Sweet Corn
Enchanted Sweet Corn
Nothstine Dent Dry Corn
Xtra-Tender 2171 Sweet Corn
Cressida Cress
Cool Customer Pickling Cucumbers
Poniente Seedless and Thin-skinned Cucumbers
Picolino Slicing Cucumbers
Hera Dill
Bouquet Dill
Totem Belgian Endive (Witloof)
Ruby Red Orach Specialty Greens
Light Green Orach Specialty Greens
Dark Green Orach Specialty Greens
Red Russian Kale
Toscano Kale
Westlandse Winter Kale
Toscano Kale
Red Russian Kale
Korist Fresh Eating Kohlrabi
Azur Star Kohlrabi
Kossak Storage Kohlrabi
Munstead-Type Lavender
Megaton Leeks
King Richard Leeks
Pandora Leeks
Lemon Balm
Celinet Summer Crisp Lettuce (Batavia)
Concept Summer Crisp Lettuce (Batavia)
Muir Summer Crisp Lettuce (Batavia)
Alkindus Butterhead Lettuce (Boston)
Mirlo Butterhead Lettuce (Boston)
Red Cross Butterhead Lettuce (Boston)
Sylvesta Butterhead Lettuce (Boston)
Annapolis Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Breen Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Coastal Star Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Defender Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Dragoon Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Ezbruke Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Flashy Trout Back Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Fusion Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Holon Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Jericho Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Outredgeous Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Parris Island Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Ridgeline Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Rouge d'Hiver Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Truchas Romaine Lettuce (Cos)
Bronze Herbs for Salad Mix
Cumin Herbs for Salad Mix
Bronze & Green Herbs for Salad Mix
Bergam's Green Lettuce
Blade Oakleaf Lettuce
Bolsachica Oakleaf Lettuce
Buttercrunch Heritage Lettuce
Clearwater Oakleaf Lettuce
Crispino Iceberg Lettuce
Dark Red Lollo Rossa Heritage Lettuce
Deer Tongue Heritage Lettuce
Garrison Oakleaf Lettuce
Green Saladbowl Oakleaf Lettuce
Ilema Lollo Lettuce
Newham Bibb Lettuce
New Red Fire Lettuce
Red Sails Heritage Lettuce
Red Saladbowl Oakleaf Lettuce
Tropicana Lettuce
Waldmann's Dark Green Heritage Lettuce
Encore Lettuce Mix Lettuce Mixes
Zaatar Marjoram
Clemson Spineless Okra
Yankee Full-Size Onions
Cortland Full-Size Onions
Greek Oregano Oregano
Leonardo Radicchio
Virtus Radicchio
Red Raspberry Plant Collection
Jewel Raspberry
Victoria Rhubarb Seeds
Common Sage
Common Sage Sage
Summer Savory
Green Shiso Shiso
Britton Shiso
Asia Ip Shiso
Red Shiso Shiso
Lemon Drops Spilanthes
Acadia Savoyed-Leaf Spinach
Corvair Smooth-Leaf Spinach
Sparkle Strawberry Bare-Root Plants
Jewel Strawberry Bare-Root Plants
Elan Strawberry Seeds
Alexandria Strawberry Seeds
Ruby Red or Rhubarb Chard Swiss Chard
Fordhook Giant Swiss Chard
Oriole Swiss Chard
Milk Thistle
German Winter Thyme
Frederik Beefsteak Tomatoes
Jasper Cherry Tomatoes
Sakura Cherry Tomatoes
Blue Beech Heirloom Tomatoes
Mountain Magic Cocktail Tomatoes
Brandywine Heirloom Tomatoes
Cherokee Green Heirloom Tomatoes
White Cherry Cherry Tomatoes
Wisconsin 55 Slicing Tomatoes
Green Zebra Heirloom Tomatoes
Common Valerian
Farmers Wonderful Triploid Watermelons (Seedless)
Gentility Triploid Watermelons (Seedless)
Sorbet Triploid Watermelons (Seedless)
Sweet Crimson Watermelon

Most of the lettuce is for taste and local adaptability trials, small little plots. We'll be succession planting out most crops, small qty for market, so "big list, not so big qty."
Some of the stock (various herbs, seedless watermelons) is non-organic seed stock and will either be grown either in the north transitional field or in pots. 
570 fruit trees are also coming sometime early spring, those will go in to the dirt as soon as it can be worked after freeze. We'll plant those and forget about them for a few years.. just mow around them. All the big work starts in a few years with those.  Shouldn't need to irrigate them unless we get a big dry spell, and/or until they start producing.
Thinking back, I remember it was popular practice to re-seed those old hemp fields with the seeds du jour. Some of the reds and golds back in the day were bad to the bone.
Acprkit said:
That’s great to hear that you have a strain that will work, and the seed to go along with it!

Is an indoor winter grow economically viable?

Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
Oh I have no choice but to do winter grows, economically viable or not. I have 15 strains of cannabis we cross pollinated this year I have to do indoor potency tests on.
TrentL said:
Also had some feral victory hemp tested recently, that we'd found. It's 100% CBDA with no trace of THCA at maturity. Holy grail of CBD production, man. I'll have enough seeds collected to plant a few acres of it next year.

How does that work? Do the seeds from that automatically produce tube same? Or is there a chance of them producing a different cbd/ thc ratio?
Mr.joe said:
How does that work? Do the seeds from that automatically produce tube same? Or is there a chance of them producing a different cbd/ thc ratio?
Depends on the stability of the parents and the cross, but generally speaking they'll be all over the spectrum.
Cannabis plants have a precursor called cannabigerol (CBG) which produces CBDA, THCA, or CBCA, depending on strain.

The exact mechanism of how and when this occurs is controlled by many genomes in the cannabis plant (not a single switch, but many switches, also working in conjunction with many other switches). 
But for simplicity sake, let's look at it as if it's a single switch.
In this case yellow cats are CBD dominant strains (european/North american Sativa plants) and gray cats are THC dominant strains (indian/asian cannabis plants)

Before I go on, you need to read this:
and this:
to understand a couple of terms I'll use.
Homozygous (genetically stable) parents can be crossed to create a stable heterozygous filial generation 1 (F1). So if two parents are both VERY stable, genetically, the FIRST (and ONLY the first) generation (F1) will be very, very stable. This is how we arrive at so many wonderfully vigorous and high producing F1 hybrids in farming and horticulture - due to a phenomenon of both sides of the crossing contributing a wide range of genes which create specific enzymes, you almost universally have a phenominon known as "hybrid vigor" where the plants produce a bountiful yield.*

*Although, arguably, this is only because the parents (homozygous) are so genetically inbred their yield is substantially reduced over the norm.
Anyway if you re-plant the seeds of an open pollinated F1 field, you get what is shown in that picture above; regression of traits, due to having no control over which side of the DNA splits for pollen, and how it ends up being recombined during pollination of a flower. 
This is vastly oversimplified as there are dozens of genomes which contribute to the enzymes that convert CBG, but consider the following basics:
tt CC = parent 1
TT cc = parent 2
If it were a simple switch, the F1 offspring would all be identical; Tt Cc
But consider this really looks like this:
Tt Cc
tT Cc
Tt cC
tT Cc
They all have the same dominant genes in positions 1 & 2, but you split the DNA and recombine it again on F2, and you get:
tt cc (low THC, low CBD) - Shitty Plant
tt Cc (low THC, high CBD) - CBD Dominant
tt CC (low THC, high CBD) - CBD Dominant
tt cC (low THC, high CBD) - CBD Dominant
Tt cc (high THC, low CBD) - THC dominance
Tt Cc (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
Tt CC (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
Tt cC (high THC, high CBD)  - 1:1 dominance
tT cc (high THC, low CBD) - THC dominance
tT Cc (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
tT CC (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
tT cC (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
Tt cc (high THC, low CBD) - THC dominance
Tt Cc (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
Tt CC (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
Tt cC (high THC, high CBD) - 1:1 dominance
Out of 16 possible recombinations on F2, you end up with 
3x THC dominant (18.75%)
3x CBD dominant (18.75%)
9x 1:1 dominance (56%)
1x shitty decorative plant (6%)
Looking at our field, we tested:
30% high THC
50% 1:1 (or close enough, within 2:1 range either way)
20% high CBD
Compare to the numbers in F2 above? 
Pretty clear what happened to us.
^ That is relevant because every current strain of CBD producing cannabis plants are descended from high-THC plants, e.g. Suver's haze was begot from Neville's Haze, a famous marijuana strain; BaOx was descended from Hindu Kush, etc.
If you grow out F2+ on any of those plants, open pollenated, you are very likely to arrive at high THC offspring within a generation, and the population density of high THC plants will increase with each subsequent generation; unless you take the time to fully stabilize the new strain.
The pilot farm bill was passed in 2014. There's only been 5 years for companies to work with (legal) CBD genetics - and there are not many stable strains out there. ANY company which re-sells F2+ open pollinated seed, or uses F2 breeding stock in their breeding program, is putting farmers at risk of THC regression.
Quick update. We've got seeds harvested from the greenhouse, they've been curing on wax paper for a week or so. We have to get through the last few weeks of growing and destroy the hemp crop, then I'll get the new seed inventory added to the online store. I know you southern growers are probably already starting to think about what you grow next season, since you germ so early, I hope to have the new seed catalog done before you drop seeds in Dec.
Meanwhile, I do need to clean out old seed inventory. If anyone orders seeds from the *existing* seed catalog of open pollinated seeds from last year, I'm going to dump a TON of extras on you. :)
Mr.joe said:
Website says no shipping peppers to California, seeds are still ok tho right?
I quietly removed the shipping restrictions of peppers to CA from the behind the scenes shipping system. ;)
Seeds are and always have been fine to ship to CA. 
Use discount code CLOSEOUT for 33% off. Trying to get rid of last year's open pollinated inventory before we stock new stuff on the site in Nov.
Devv said:
A nicely done explanation of the F traits Trent.
I sure wish this year had gone better for ya though!
Thanks man. I sure wish it had gone better, too. But, it is what it is, learn from it and move on. I just hope I can keep the bills paid over the winter, to be able to survive to next spring.
I'm over 1 mil of losses in to this farm now. Any sane person would have walked away. I doubled down and bought another farm though. Spread out risk.
Mr.joe said:
Wow trent, we all wish the best for you. Two farms, since you have all that spare time...
This year was a bust because we only had one plot of land and half of it was underwater. Nothing grew where it flooded; or within 100 yards of where it flooded; soil went anaerobic. I planted 2,000+ peppers out in the organic pasture and 100% died. We planted 1800 on what little high ground we have, and only took 10% losses.
A second farm may be a bit more work but if we end up having the same problems again (or different problems) at least we'll have continuity of operations. Losing 50% of our revenue is more survivable than losing 100% with all our eggs in one basket.
With the loss of the hemp crop I've now taken over 1 million in expenses with essentially no income over the last 2 seasons. We made a few thousand this year and it cost a quarter million to do it, since I lost basically every crop save 3/4 acres on high ground. Hell, I fed over a hundred thousand dollars in veggie transplants to the chickens.
Most expensive birds, ever.
Plus, now that I know we can prep and transplant an acre a day with the equipment, and not have to worry about weeds, next year will go a lot easier. :)
So most of the acreage will be raised beds w/ plastic mulch. We'll limit intensive veggies to what we can reliably work, and plan more perennials which are low maintenance. (Note, strawberries are not low maintenance.  Good god I've lost my ass on those.)